Pyeloplasty is the surgical reconstruction or revision of the renal pelvis to drain and decompress the kidney. Most commonly it is performed to treat an uretero-pelvic junction obstruction if residual renal function is adequate.
Obstruction of the UPJ is one of the most common congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract. Currently, the vast majority of UPJ obstructions (90%) are detected with prenatal ultrasonography. A pyeloplasty can either be done by the robotic, open, or laparoscopic route.
Potential benefits of da Vinci Surgery over traditional open surgery, includes
- Less blood loss
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery
- Enhanced visualization and surgical precision
- Reduced risk of a positive surgical margin
- Possibly improved cancer control rates
- Possibly earlier return of continence
- Possibly earlier and more complete return of sexual function